The following books have been
consulted to confirm meanings, etymology,
to point to
recorded instances of the actual usage of the names listed on the New
Pages on this site. Most are
public domain books and have been generously quoted from.
Disciples' Prayer, The, by Ifeanyi Chris Agagbor, 2007.
Discourses Concerning the Truth of the
Christian Religion and Remarks on Ecclesiastical History, vol. 1, by John
in Hebrew, Gaelic, Gothic, Anglo-Saxon, Latin, Basque and
other Caucasic Languages, by Allison Emery Drake, 1907.
The, vol. 1, by Hafiz Wilberforce Clarke, 1891.
of a Diplomat in Turkey, by Samuel Sullivan Cox, 1893.
Adventure, The: Iona; Studies in Spiritual History, by
Fiona Macleod (William Sharp), 1910.
of Ethnology Publications, Volume 4, Part 2, The History
of Sulu, by Najeeb M. Saleeby, 1908.
of 'Abid ibn al-Abras, of Asad, and 'Amir ibn at-Tufail, of 'Amir
ibn Sa'sa'ah, edited for the first time, from the MS. in
the British Museum, and supplied with a translation and notes,
by Sir Charles Lyall, 1913.
di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, by Gaetano Moroni,
The, by Robert Southey, 1865.
of the Deluge, The, by Leveson Venables V. Harcourt, 1838.
Documents Relating to the
Colonial History of the State of New Jersey:
Calendar of New Jersey Wills,
Vol. VI, 1781-1785, by Elmer T. Hutchinson.
Documents Relating to the Colonial History
of the State of New Jersey,
by N.J. Historical Society, 1898.
Review, The, by St. Gregory's School, Downside England,
vol. 16, Mar-Jul-Dec, 1897.
Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible,
by Sir William Smith, vol. 1, 1892.
by Bram Stoker, 1897.
Dramatic Art of Athol Fugard: from South Africa to the World, The, by Albert
of the Lebanon, The: their Manners, Customs, and History,
by George Washington Chasseaud, 1855.
The, Volume 24, by William Curry, Jun. &
Dublin Penny Journal,
The, conducted by Philip Dixon Hardy, 1834-1835.
and the Sudan: Handbook for Travellers, by Karl Baedeker,
Egypt, Burma and British Malaysia, by William Eleroy Curtis, 1905.
from the Earliest Times to B.C. 300, by Samuel Birch,
Lower Egypt, with the Fayum and the Peninsula of the Sinai,
by Karl Baedeker, 1885.
of the Past, by Sir Erasmus Wilson, 1893.
Book of the Dead, The: or, The Papyrus of Ani, translated
by E. A. Wallis Budge, 1895.
Campaigns, 1882 to 1885, by Charles Royle, 1900.
Heaven and Hell, The, by E. A. Wallis Budge, 1906.
Ideas of the Future Life, by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, 1900.
Magic, by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, 1901.
Sudan, The: Its History and Monuments, by Sir E. A. Wallis
Budge, vol. 1, 1907.
Place in the Universal History, vol. 1, 1867.
Years in Uganda & East Africa, by Alfred R. Tucker,
vol. 2, 1908.
Elämän urpuja, by Viljami Vuokoski, Helsinki, 1904.
Elder Eddas of Saemund Sigfusson,
The, edited by Benjamin
Thorpe, et al., 1907.
Modern Armenian Grammar, by Kevork H. Gulian, 1902.
de grammaire basque, dialecte souletin, by Louis Gèze,
of Arabic & Persian Prosody,
The, by George Spiers Ranking, 1885.
of Dutch, by J. M. Hoogvliet, 1908.
of Luganda Grammar, by William Arthur Crabtree, 1902.
Readers, The, book 5, 1920.
The, by Thomas Laurie, 1885.
Medical Men of Asia, Africa, Europe and America, by Edward
Review, vol. 4, 1903.
France et en Turquie: nouvelles, by Jules de Laprade,
Americana, vols. 14 & 17, 1919.
Americana, by Francis
Lieber, Thomas Gamaliel Bradford, 1830.
Biblica: a critical dictionary of the literary, political and
religious history, the archaeology, geography, and natural
history of the bible, edited by T. K. Cheyne, J.
Sutherland Black, et al., vol. 1, A-D, 1899; vol. 4, 1903.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, edited by Colin
Macfarquhar, George Gleig,
a dictionary of arts, sciences, and general literature, a
Supplement to the fourth, fifth, and sixth editions, vol. 4,
1824; vol. 23, 1888.
edited under the personal supervision of Day Otis Kellogg,
Volume 1, 1898.
a dictionary of arts, sciences, and general literature, edited by Hugh Chisholm,
vol. 2, 1910; vol. 26, 1911; vol. 27, 1911; 1922.
Encyclopædia Britannica Almanac 2008, by Inc
Metropolitana: or, Universal Dictionary of Knowledge,
Metropolitana: or, System of Universal Knowledge: on a
methodical plan projected by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. History
of the Ottoman Empire, including a survey of the Greek
Empire and the Crusades, by Samuel Jacob, Colonel Procter,
Rev. J. E. Riddle, and James M'Conechy, 1854.
Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, by James Hastings,
et al., vol. 2, 1910; vol.9, 1917; vol. 12, 1922.
Perthensis, printed by John Brown, 1816.
in 30 vols., Americana Corporation, vol. 2, 1918; vol. 11,
Encyclopedia Americana, J. B. Lyon
Britannica, by Hugh Chisholm, 1910.
England Before the Norman Conquest, by Charles William Chadwick Oman,
and Chinese Dictionary: with the Punti and Mandarin
Pronunciation, by Rev. W. Lobscheid, vol. 2, 1867.
English and Finnish Dictionary, by Karl Vilhelm
Manx Dictionary, printed for the Manx Society, by John Kelly & William Gill,
and Urdu School Dictionary, Romanized, by H. Blochmann,
Dictionary, by Francis Joseph Steingass, 1882.
Vocabulary, by Captain H.F.S. Amery, 1905.
and Congo-English Dictionary, by Henry Craven and John
Cyclopaedia, The, edited by Charles Knight, vol. 4, 1857.
Cyclopaedia, The: Arts and Sciences, conducted by Charles Knight, vol. 4,
Etymology, by George William Lemon, 1783.
Review, The, edited by Mandell Creighton, et al., 1890; vol. 7, 1892; vol.
8, 1893; vol. 10, 1895; 1896, 1915.
Dictionary, by Ferencz Bizonfy, 1886.
Hand-book, by Rev. Father A. Hémery, 1903.
Vocabulary, compiled for the use of the C.M.S. Missions in
East Africa, by A. W. McGregor, 1904.
Literature: from the Norman Conquest to Chaucer, by
William Henry Schofield, 1906.
Reports, The, vol. 18, 1902; vol. 19, 1902.
Vocabulary, by Alfred Casalis, 1908.
English Surnames and Their Place in the Teutonic Family, by Robert
Surnames: An Essay on Family Nomenclature,
by Mark Antony Lower, 1849.
Surnames: their Sources and Significations, by
Charles Wareing Endell Bardsley, 1815.
Arthur Cornwallis Madan, 1902.
Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance of the Old Testament, by
George V. Wigram, vol. 1, 1866.
Entry of the Slavs into Christendom, The,
by A. P. Vlasto, 1970.
Cymru: A biographical Dictionary of Eminent Welshmen, from the
earliest times to the present, and including every name
connected with the ancient history of Wales,
by Rev. Robert Williams, 1852.
Epitome of Ancient,
Mediaeval and Modern History, by Karl Julius Ploetz, 1911.
of Speech and Spelling, by Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, 1877.
d'une bibliographie de la langue basque, by Julien Vinson,
vol. 2, 1898.
on Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King, by Harold
or The Battle of Brunanburh, by George Darley, 1841.
Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans, by Cathie Carmichael, 2002.
capta, by John Campbell, 1886.
Roman Remains in Popular Tradition, by Charles Godfrey
Iraniennes, by James Darmesteter, vol. 2, 1883.
sur les idiomes pyrénéens de la région française, by
Achille Luchaire, 1879.
and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, by
James Stormonth, 1879.
The, by William Pulleyn, 1830.
Glossary, by Edward Jacob Boyce, 1878.
Universale, Whiter, 1825.
by Joseph Baly, 1897.
in four volumes, with an English translation by Arthur S. Way,
vol. 4, 1912.
Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volume 2,
by Albert S. Gérard, 1986.
and London Review, The, by Philological Society, 1783.
of the Conquest, The: and Other Poems, by Sir Henry
Magazine, published by John Wanamaker, vol. 8, 1903; vol.
Land, by Charles Norris Williamson, Alcie Muriel
Peoples of the Slave Coast of West Africa, The: their
religion, manners, customs, laws, languages, &c., by
A.B. Ellis, 1890.
and Daniel: Two Old English Poems, preserved in MS. Junius II
in the Bodleian Library of the University of Oxford, England,
edited by Francis A. Blackburn, 1907.
in Bible Lands During the 19th Century, by Hermann Vollrat
Hilprecht, Immanuel Benzinger, 1903.
The, edited by Samuel Cox, Sir William Robertson Nicoll,
James Moffatt, 1883; vol. 8, 1888; vol. 8, 1903.
The, edited by Edward Hastings, James Hastings, Ann Wilson
Hastings, vol. 2, 1891; vol. 4,
1893; vol. 8, 1897; vol. 10, 1899; vol. 12, 1901; vol. 14, 1903.
Extraordinary Cases, by Henry Lauren Clinton, 1896.
The, or Jocose Tales of Poggio, now first translated into
English with the Latin text in two volumes, vol. 2, 1879.
Peter Andreas Munch, 1847.
in Celtic Countries, The, by Walter Yeeling Evans-Wentz,
Mythology, The, by Thomas Keightley, editions 1900, 1905.
Queen, The, by Edmund Spenser, 1758.
Tales and Legends of Many Nations, by Charles B.
Tales, Legends and Romances Illustrating Shakespeare and Other
Early English Writers, 1875.
Club, The: a Muslim, a Christian, a Jew, by Ranya Idliby,
Suzanne Oliver, Priscilla Warner, 2006.
of Man: a Cyclopaedia of Religions, vol. 1, by James
George Roche Forlong, 1906.
Hamilton Murray, 1860.
Names and Their Story, by Sabine Baring-Gould, 1910.
Types of Womanhood, by Sarah Knowles Bolton, 1892.
Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ; or, An Essay Towards
Deducing a Regular Succession of All the Principal Dignitaries
in each Cathedral, Collegiate Church or Chapel (now in being)
in those parts of Great Britain called England and Wales, from
the first erection thereof, to this present year 1715, by John Le
of the Princes of Dyfed, The, by Kenneth Morris, 1914.
Fault Lines, by Nancy Huston, 2008.
The, by Dist. of Columbia, U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals, vols. 157-158, 1908; 1912; vols. 241-242, 1917.
Christian Names and Their Teachings, by Mary E. Bromfield,
Missionary Intelligencer, The, vol. 12, by Kwasi Ampene,
Museum of Natural History, Publication 184, Anthropolical
Series, Vol. XV, No. 1, THE DIAMOND: A Study in Chinese and
Hellenistic Folk-lore, by Berthold Laufer, Curator of
Anthropology, Chicago, 1915.
Anthropology, by Field Museum of Natural History, vol. 6,
Years of the History of the Republic in South Africa
by J. C. Voigt, 1899.
Architecture and the Modernist Tradition,
by Malcolm Quantrill, 1995.
Tablets: Poems Translated from the Chinese, by Florence
Ayscough, English versions by Amy Lowell, 1921.
and Sword in the Sudan, by Rudolf Carl Slatin, 1903.
of Moses, called Genesis, The, by Robert Payne Smith, et al., 1885.
First Nine Books
of the Danish History
of Saxo Grammaticus, The, 1894.
Steps to Greek Prose Composition, Blomfield Jackson, 1884.
Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World, The, in
vols., by George Rawlinson, vol. 1, 1865; vol. 2, 1871; vol. 3, 1880.
Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World, The; or,
The History, Geography, and Antiquities of Chaldaea, Assyria,
Babylon, Media, and Persia, in four vols., by George Rawlinson,
vol. 3, 1865.
and Philosophers, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1920.
Leaves from the Life of an Immortal, by Charles Godfrey
Populaire, ou, Histoire Naturelle Des Plantes, by Henri
of Romance and the Rise of Allegory, The, by George
and Flower Lore, by Hilderic Friend, vol. 1, 1884.
of Literature, or, Encyclopaedia of Anecdote, by William
Gaoidhilge-Sax-Bhéarla; or, An Irish-English Dictionary,
by John O'Brien, 1768.
and Fairy Tales, by P. Chr. Asbjörnsen, translated
by H. L. Brækstad, with an introduction by Edmund W.
a dictionary of verbal corruptions of words perverted in form
or meaning, by false derivation or mistaken analogy,
by Rev. A. Smythe Palmer, 1882.
a Quarterly Review of Myth, Tradition, Institution, &
Custom, published for the Folk-lore Society, by David
Nutt, vol. 3, 1892; vol. 4, 1893; vol. 5, 1894; vol. 14, 1903; vol. 18, 1907.
Record, The, by Folklore Society, vol. 3, pt. 1, 1880.
by William Graham Sumner, 1906.
Gordyeeff, by Maxim Gorky, translated from the Russian by
Isabel F. Hapgood, 1906.
Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, by dall'Istituto Storico
Foreign Financial Control in China, by Theodore William
Review and Continental Miscellany, The, vol. 2, 1828.
Review, The, edited by T. H. S. Escott, vol. 34, 1883;
vol. 38, 1882; vol. 111, 1919.
of England, The, by Sir James Henry Ramsay, 1898.
Essays, Harvard Studies in Romance Languages, vol. 3, by
Murray Anthony Potter, 1917.
Gospels as Historical Records, The, by Williams and
Four Years in Ashantee, by Friedrich August
Ramseyer, et al., 1875.
Frank Leslie's Pleasant Hours, by Frank Leslie,
Franks, from Their First Appearance in History to the Death of King Pepin, by
Walter Copland Perry, 1857.
Magazine, vol. 15, Jan-Jun, 1877.
Russia, by Society of Friends of Russian Freedom, vol. 12,
vol. 17, part 2, edited by George William Foote, et al., 1897.
Composition and Grammar Review, by Joseph S. Galland,
Fresh Voyages on Unfrequented Waters, by Thomas Kelly
Enterprise in Africa, by Hourst, 1898.
The, printed by William H. Pile, vol. 45, 1872; vol. 72,
the Viking of Norway, by Zénaïde A. Ragozin, 1899.
From Kabul to Kumassi, by James
Willcocks, Helen Graham, 1904.
históricas sobre Colón y América, by
Pietro Martire d' Anghiera, 1892.
Principles of Old and New World Civilizations, The, by
Zelia Nuttall, 1901.
Etymology of the Languages of Western Europe, The, by
Charles Mackay, 1877.
Folk Tales: a Supplementary Reader, by Mary Grant
Names of Beasts, by Alexander Robert Forbes, 1905.
The, edited by William Conant Church, vol. 15, 1873.
Garibaldi's Defence of the Roman Republic, by George Macaulay
of Saint Edmund, King and Martyr, edited by Lord Francis
to the Otherworld, by Philip Gardiner, 2009.
of the Bombay Presidency, by Bombay. Government
Central Press, vol. 7, 1883; vol. 21, 1884.
of Upper Burma and the Shan States, vol. 1, pt. 1, by Sir
James George Scott, John Percy Hardiman, 1900.
Tabellen der Arabischen Stamme und Familien, by Heinrich
Ferdinand Wustenfeld, 1853.
Surnames, by William Anderson, 1865.
Biography: or, Lives, Critical and Historical, of the Most
Eminent Persons of all Ages, Countries, Conditions, and
Professions, composed by John Aikin, and Mr. William
Johnston, vol. 9, 1814.
History of the Christian Religion and Church, by August Neander,
Joseph Torrey, 1849.
Critically and Exegetically Expounded, by Dr. A. Dillmann,
translated from the last edition, in two volumes, by WM. B.
Stevenson, vol. 1, 1897.
Genius and Spirit of the Hebrew Bible, by Constantine Samuel
Etymology, giving their derivations, by C. Blackie, with
an introduction by John Stuart Blackie, 1887.
Journal, The, Royal Geographical Society, Great Britain,
vol. 5, 1895.
Word-expositor, The; or,
Names and Terms Occurring in the Science
of Geography, Etymologically and
Otherwise Explained, by Edwin Adams, 1856.
German Fairy Tales,
by Hans Christian Andersen, 1869.
German Theatre, The, by Benjamin Thompson, et al., 1800.
by Karl Bartsch, 1884.
der nordischen Sprachen, by Adolf Noreen, 1898.
van de gemeenten der provincie Oost-Vlaanderen, by Frans
De Potter and Jan Broeckaert, 1870.
Regum Anglorum, by William of Malmesbury, 1840.
De (The Guide), edited by W. G. C. Byvanck, et al., vol.
and the Other: Children Who Have Made Stories, by Frances
Hodgson Burnett, 1897.
Girls' Christian Names, their History, Meaning and Association, by Helena
Gleanings from God's Word, by Gene Phillips, 2005.
Globe Encyclopaedia of Universal Information,
The, edited by J. M. Ross, 1877.
Globe Pronouncing Gazetteer of the World,
Fragments, edited by John Earle, 1861.
and Fighting Men: the story of the Tuatha de Danaan and of the
Fianna of Ireland, arranged and put into English by Lady
Gregory, with a preface by W. B. Yeats, 1905.
of Noonday: a White Girl's African Life, by Elaine Neil Orr, 2003.
of Old, The: and the Story that They Tell, by James A.
Fitz Simon, 1899.
of the Egyptians, The: or, Studies in Egyptian Mythology,
by E. A. Wallis Budge, 1904.
"Political Justice", by William Godwin, Henry
Stephens Salt, 1890.
Old and Early-Middle-Irish Glosses, Prose and Verse,
edited by Whitley Stokes, 1872.
Out, by Scarlett Thomas, 2004.
Gold Coast, Past and Present, The, by George Macdonald,
Nails" to Hang Memories On, by Elizabeth Akers Allen,
Days of the Early English Church, by Sir Henry H.
Howorth, vol. 2, 1917.
Hours Whitfield Magazine, by Rev. J. Jackson Wray,
Numbers: Poems for Children and Young People, by Kate
Douglas Smith Wiggin, 1902.
second part; containing a Critical View of the Cymraeg, both
ancient and present, with specimens from the works of the
oldest Cymric poets, in their original form, with
translations, by John Williams, 1854.
Historical & Critical Essay on the Times of Philip III. & IV. of Spain,
by Edward Churton, 1862.
Hope, The: a Drama of the Sea in Four Acts, by Herman
According to S. John, The, by Rev. S. C. Malan, 1862.
In All Lands, The, edited by Rev. Eugene R. Smith,
Goths, from the Earliest
Times to the End of the Gothic Dominion in
Spain, by Henry Bradley, 1899.
Graeco-Persian Names, by Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, 1918.
Grafton's Chronicle, or History of England, by Richard Grafton, 1809.
and Dictionary of the Buluba-Lulua Language as Spoken in the
Upper Kasai and Congo Basin, prepared for the American
Presbyterian Congo Mission by W. M. Morrison, 1906.
and Dictionary of the Yoruba Language, with an
introductory description of the country and people of Yoruba,
by Rev. T. J. Bowen, 1858.
of the Kagúru Language, eastern Equatorial Africa, by
J. T. Last, 1886.
Grammatica Linguæ Hebrææ, by Jacobus Robertson,
in the Rock: or, The Historical Accuracy of the Bible
Confirmed &c., by Samuel Kinns, 1891.
Dionysiak Myth, The, by Robert Brown, vol. 2, 1878.
Events of Great Britain, edited by Samuel Neil, 1866.
Expectations, by Charles Dickens, 1881.
Great Persian War and Its Preliminaries,
The, by George Beardoe Grundy, 1915.
Greatest Baby Name Book Ever, The, by Carol Wallace, 2004.
Greece, by Karl Baedeker,
Pictorial, Descriptive, and Historical, by Christopher
and Roman Mythology, by William Sherwood Fox, 1916.
& Barbarians, by J. A. K. Thomson, 1921.
Book Magazine, The, by Baedeker, vol. 21, May 1919; vol.
23, Jan. 1920.
Grimm's Fairy Tales,
by the brothers Grimm,
translated by Edna Henry Lee Turpin, 1903.
Home: Stories of Ethnic Gardening,
Davis Price, 2000.
ou manuel de la Conversation et du Style Épistolaire Français-Basque, by
to Iceland, by W. G. Lock, 1882.
to Knowledge, The: or, Repertory of Facts, edited by
Robert Sears, 1844.
to the Lunkundu Language, by J. & F. T. McKittrick,
to the Nimroud Central Saloon, by British Museum, 1886.
of Shaikh Muslihu 'D Din Sa'di of Shiraz, The, by John