Origin of the name ARTAXERXES.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name ARTAXERXES.
ARTAXERXES (Ἀρταξέρξης). Greek
form of Persian Ardeshír, meaning "mighty king."
This was a title of several Persian kings, two of whom are mentioned in
the Old Testament Bible.
Artaxerxes, at the instigation
of the enemies of the Jews issued an edict, prohibiting them from
rebuilding Jerusalem. (Ezra iv. 7-22) This Artaxerxes is generally
considered to be the pseudo-Smerdis, one of the Persian Magi, who
assumed that name, and pretending to be Smerdis the son of Cyrus and the
brother of Cambyses, occupied the throne between the reigns of Cambyses
and Darius the son of Hystaspes. (An Introduction to the Critical
Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, Horne, v.3, 1872)