Origin of the name AZAZEL.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name AZAZEL.
Hebrew form of Arabic Azazil
(عزازل), meaning "removed, separated."
One of the jinn made of smokeless fire. He was later turned
into a devil by God and given the name Iblis
Leit. 16.8. The Geneva
version retains here, for the scapegoat, the Hebrew word, 'Hazazel.'
The Samaritan version and the Chaldee Paraphrast, being designed for the
use of the Synagogue, might well, as they have done, keep it, as well as
other Hebrew words; since they were fully understood by the Jews.
But the word in a version in use in a Western nation, is quite
As to its sense and origin, the verb 'azal' signifies
to 'put back,' or 'remove.' And where the Hebrews wished to denote
a superlative, they are accustomed to double the first syllable.
The word 'Hazazel' in fact, is the same as the Arabic word 'Azazil,'
which signifies 'separated' or 'removed;' and to give the force of far
removed, they doubled the first syllable. This well agrees with
the goat bearing the sins of the people, confessed over its head, far
"into the wilderness," "unto a land not inhabited;"
(marg. "of separation;") to imply God's entire forgetfulness
of the sins of his forgiven people. So that our translators have
well rendered it "the scape-goat," or "Goat sent
out;" in which the Septuagint, Symmachus, Aquila, and the Vulgate
agree. (A Help for English Readers to Understand Mis-Translated
Passages in Our Bible, Murray, 1881)