Origin of the name GORDIANUS.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name GORDIANUS.
name meaning "of Gordius."
(Stemmata Latinitatis: or, An Etymological Latin Dictionary,
Salmon, 1796). Gordiana
is a feminine form.
M. Antonius, the name of three Roman emperors, father, son, and
grandson. 1. Surnamed Africanus, son of Metius Marullus and Ulpia
Gordiana, possessed a princely fortune, and was distinguished alike by
moral and intellectual excellence. In his first consulship, A.D.
213, he was the colleague of Caracalla; in his second, of Alexander
Severus; and soon afterward was nominated proconsul of Africa.
After governing Africa for several years with justice and integrity, a
rebellion broke out in the province in consequence of the tyranny of the
procurator of Maximinus. The ring-leaders of the conspiracy
compelled Gordian, who was now in his eightieth year, to assume the
imperial title. He entered on his new duties at Carthage in the
month of February, associated his son with him in the empire, and
dispatched letters to Rome announcing his elevation. Gordianus and
his son were at once proclaimed Augusti by the senate, and preparations
were made in Italy to resist Maximinus. But meantime a certain
Capellianus, procurator of Numidia, refused to acknowledge the authority
of the Gordiani, and marched against them. The younger Gordianus
was defeated by him, and slain in the battle; and his aged father
thereupon put an end to his own life, , after reigning less than two
months.—2. Son of the preceding and of Fabia Orestilla, was born A.D.
192, was associated with his father in the purple, and fell in battle,
as recorded above.—3. Grandson of the elder Gordianus, either by a
daughter or by the younger Gordianus. The soldiers proclaimed him
emperor in July, A.D. 238, after the murder of Balbinus and Pupienus,
although he was a mere boy, probably not more than twelve years
old. He reigned six years, from 238 to 244. In 241 he
married the daughter of Misitheus, and in the same year set out for the
east to carry on the war against the Persians. With the assistance
of Misitheus, he defeated the Persians in 242. Misitheus died in
the following year; and Philippus, whom Gordian had taken into his
confidence, excited discontent among the soldiers, who at length rose in
open mutiny, and assassinated Gordian in Mesopotamia, 244. He was
succeeded by Philippus. (A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and
Roman Biography, Mythology, and Geography, Smith, 1851).