Origin of the name HAZAEL.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name HAZAEL.
[Hebrew Hhazael = "he sees God" (Gesenius),
"whom God watches over" (Oxford Bible)]. Of Arabic
origin. See Hazail.
courtier whom Elijah was directed by Jehovah to anoint king over Syria
(1 Kings xix. 17). Some years later (about 883 by the Hebrew or
843 by the Assyrian chronology) Ben-hadad II., who then reigned over
that country, with Damascus for his capital, hearing that Elisha had
visited the city, sent Hazael to ask the prophet whether he should
recover of a serious illness from which he then suffered. Elisha
told his questioner that Ben-hadad should not recover, and that Hazael
himself should be king of Syria, and would perpetrate great cruelties on
the people of Israel. The reply was, "But what, is thy
servant which is but a dog, that he should do this great
thing?" Hazael, returning to his sick master, falsely told
him that the prophecy was that he should recover, and next day
assassinating him, reigned in his stead (2 Kings viii. 7-15).
About 849 B.C. the new king gained the mastery over the ten tribes, the
Syrian domination continuing through the remainder of his reign and
through that of his son and successor Ben-hadad III (xiii. 3). In
the reign of Jehoash, king of Judah, about 840 B.C., Hazael after
capturing Gath, threatened Jerusalem, but was bought off by being given
the dedicated treasures of the Temple (xii. 17, 18). He seems to
have died the same year.
The house of Hazael.—Damascus (Amos i. 4). (The Sunday
School Teacher's Bible Manual, Hunter, 1894).