Origin of the name LAILOKEN.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name LAILOKEN.
Sylvester. Identified by some with the Arthurian Merlin. It is
a corruption of Welsh llallogan, meaning "twin brothers."
(Catalogue of Romances in
the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, Ward, 1883).
H. L. D. Ward. Lailoken
(or Merlin Sylvester). The purpose of this paper is nowhere
stated, nor does the well and favorably known author, who writes in
English, vouchsafe to inform us anywhere in his "Introductory
Notes" what he means by "our Part I" and "Part II of
our narrative," until we finally fetch up, absolutely without other
premonition, at a "Part I.—St. Kentigern and Lailoken,"
which proves to be a face-to-face reproduction of a chapter from Bower's
Scotichronicon, entitled "De mirabili paenitentia Merlini
vatis," and of a hitherto unpublished portion of Cotton MS Titus A.
XIX, with the indication, "Narratives of Lailoken, headed (in
another hand) 'Vita Merlini siluestris.' In 2 Parts."
Part II ("King Meldred and Lailoken") is mistakingly printed
in different type from that used in Part I, by which the reader's
comprehension of the article is still further bewildered.
"People had certainly begun to identify Lailoken with Merlin, when
the narrative in Titus A. XIX [which we are not told is in store for us]
was written. It says of him: 'qui Lailoken vocabatur quem
quidam dicunt fuisse Merlinum, qui erat Britonibus quasi propheta
singularis, sed nescitur.' Again, Lailoken utters that prophecy
about a triple death (in this case told of himself), which we regard as
essentially Merlinesque, because we know it well in the French
Romance. And lastly, at the end of Part II, when it has been told
how he was buried at Drumelzier in Tweeddale, 'in cuius campo lailoken
tumulatus quiescit,' the following couplet is added:
lapidem perpessus, et undam,
Merlinus triplicem fertur inisse necem.
In all other respects Lailoken
is very different indeed from the semi-daemon who attached himself to the
early Kings of Britain." (American Journal of Philology, v.16,