Origin of the name PTOLEMY.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name PTOLEMY.
English form of Ptolemy (q.v.), meaning "war-like," or
"mighty in war." See Greek Ptolemaios.
Standard Dictionary of Facts, Ruoff, 1919).
PTOLEMY VIII. Soter II.
or Lathyrus, "Vetch." The son of Ptolemy Physcon, whom
he succeeded B.C. 117. He reigned at first jointly with his mother
Cleopatra Cocce who induced him to divorce his sister Cleopatra, and to
marry his other sister Selene, hoping thereby to cause internal
dissentions in Egypt, and to place her younger son Ptolemy Alexander on
the throne. Soon after this Ptolemy Lathyrus was compelled to
admit Alexander to a share in the crown, and therefore made him king of
Cyrpus. Ptolemy Apion, his half brother, then seized the throne of
Cyrene, and the kingdom of Egypt was broken up by a number of contending
armies and fraternal enemies. Lathyrus assisted Antiochus
Cyzicenus to contest the dominion of Syria, instigated thereto by his
wife Cleopatra, the divorced queen of Ptolemy himself, and his mother
Cleopatra Cocce assisting Antiochus Gryphus, and placing her own army
under the command of two Jews, Chelcias and Ananias, led to an outbreak
in Alexandria, wherein Lathyrus was deposed, his second wife Selene and
her two children taken from him, and himself driven into exile into
Cyprus, B.C. 107. Ptolemy Alexander was next recalled to govern
Egypt, but soon quarrelling with his mother he put her to death.
For this crime another outbreak of the people drove Alexander into
exile, and restored Ptolemy again, B.C. 89; he reigned but a short time
afterwards, dying in the next year. The famous temple of Contra
Latopolis was erected in this reign. He conquered the city of
Thebes, which had revolted from his authority, and in so doing destroyed
more of the ancient temples than had hiterhto been done by the Assyrians
or the Persians. Lathyrus was so named from a wart like a vetch
seed upon his face.
PTOLEMY XI. Neus Dionysus or Auletes,
"The Piper." An illegitimate son of Ptolemy Lathyrus.
On the assassination of Ptolemy Alexander II., the people having no
nearer of kin to the deceased sovereign raised him to the throne, but
from the first day of his reign he gave himself up to pleasures and
debauchery, valuing more his skill in flute playing (hence his surname)
than in kingcraft, and therefore the Romans refused to acknowledge him,
but at the same time left him alone. The first twenty-four years
of the reign of Auletes are not recorded in history; after some time
however, Ptolemy his brother, who was king of Cyprus, was dispossessed
of his kingdom by the Romans, whereupon the Egyptians urged Auletes to
take up his cause. Being however too weka to do so with any
probability of success, he refused, and was driven by his subjects into
exile, B.C. 58. He next went to Rome for help, and the Senate
restored him to the crown again in B.C. 56, five years after which he
died, leaving the Roman influence paramount in Egypt. In his reign
were begun the great temples of Denderah and Esneh in Upper Egypt.
PTOLEMY XII. The eldest son of Ptolemy Auletes,
whom he succeeded B.C. 51. By the will of his father he married
his elder sister Cleopatra VI., the most famous or infamous of her race,
and began to rule under the direction of Pompey, the dictator. The
power of Pompey had however fallen when Auletes died, and so Photinus
the Eunuch, the governor of Egypt, induced the young king to reign
alone, and to dispossess his sister wife. On this Cleopatra fled
into Syria, and raising an army, came back to Egypt and regained her
share of the throne, B.C. 49. About this time, Pompey flying to
Egypt for protection, was put to death by Ptolemy and his advisers, and
the dictator Julius Caesar was welcomed to settle the kingdom between
the brother and sister, whose armies were preparing for a decisive
battle. The Romans were unable to reconcile the competitors, and
in the war which ensued, the fleet, the museums, and the library were
destroyed. Cleopatra in the mean time had won over Caesar to her
side, and in another naval engagement, in which the fleet of Caesar was
strengthened by the army of Mithridates, king of Pergamus, Ptolemy was
drowned, and first Arsinöe, then Cleopatra, and finally Cleopatra
and her infant son Caesarion, were declared sovereigns of Egypt, B.C.
PTOLEMY XIII. A younger son of Ptolemy Auletes.
On the death of his brother Ptolemy, B.C. 47, he was declared joint
sovereign of Egypt with his brother's wife Cleopatra, he being then
eleven years old. He was a mere instrument in the hands of Caesar
and Cleopatra, whom he, as was the custom of the Ptolemaic kings, also
married. He visited Rome and was well received there, but on his
reaching the age of fifteen, at which period he could have claimed to be
of age, he was poisoned by his sister wife, B.C. 44.
PTOLEMY. A Greco-Egyptian priest of officer,
the father of Eirene, the priestess of the goddess Arsinöe
Philopater under Ptolemy V. (An Archaic Dictionary,