Origin of the name PTOLEMY SOTER.
Etymology of the
name PTOLEMY SOTER.
Meaning of the baby name PTOLEMY SOTER.
(I.) Soter, "The Saviour." The son of Lagus, a
somatophylax in the army of Philip of Macedon and of Arsinöe his cousin.
(?) He was one of the chief generals and advisers of Alexander the
Great, whose natural brother he was generally thought to have been, and to
whom he was heir presumptive. On the death of Alexander he voted for
a division of his empire among his officers, but being overruled in this,
he accepted the government of Egypt under Philip Arridaeus. He put
to death Cleomenes, the receiver-general of taxes, who had been made
sub-governor of Egypt, and then annexed the kingdom of Cyrene, which was
at that time torn to pieces by an internal faction, to his own, in B.C.
321. He gave a magnificent funeral to the body of Alexander, and
then met the army of Perdiccas, the governor of Philip Arridoeus and
Alexander Aegus in battle, when he became master of the field. The
next year he conquered Libya and Phoenicia, and received the general, or
rather king, Seleucus of the East in Egypt after his expulsion by
Antigonus, B.C. 315, taking up arms in his defence. Ptolemy Soter
then conquered Cyprus, and defeated Demetrius Poliorcetes at Gaza, and
recovering Babylon for Seleucus, conquered Judea, and transplanted many of
the Jews to Alexandria and Cyrene, where he afforded them special
privileges. After that he resigned Phoenicia to Antigonus, with
whom, however, he soon was at war again, and a second time overran
Palestine and Phoenicia, in B.C. 302. Finally, he defeated Antigonus
at the battle of Ipsus, and then settled himself to adorn and strengthen
his dominions, B.C. 300. He erected at Alexandria the museum, the
serapeum or temple of Serapis, and began the famous national
library. He ordered the architect Sostratus to build the pharos, or
lighthouse, and encouraged the fugitive Jewish high-priest, Hezekias, to
complete the canon of the Old Testament, B.C. 298. A few years
afterwards he associated his son Ptolemy Philadelphus in the empire with
him, B.C. 285, and died two years following. (An Archaic
Dictionary, Cooper, 1876).