Origin of the name TIMANCIUS.
Etymology of the
Meaning of the baby name TIMANCIUS.
Also spelled Temancius,
and simply Timan, in the Angora
inscription. See the Coins of Cunobeline, p. 68.
This was the name of an ancient British king, the father of Cunobeline.
The name stands in the Gaelic of Ireland, as "Dhe mandh," i.e.,
the "Sacred Mouth," alluding apparently to the law-sentences he
was accustomed to utter, admitting, of course, that the chronicle account
of the name now found only in the Irish dialect of the Celtic, once stood
in the Welsh or ancient British dialect of the same language.
The ancient British Chronicles describe him as a strict
observer of justice, probably implying that he was eminent as a
legislator. Everything we know of him favors the idea of his
law-giving celebrity. It is true that he lived in a country then but
imperfectly civilized, but it must be remembered that Numa Pompilius,
Draco and Solon, lived in semi-barbarous times, which times their legal
institutions were intended to ameliorate.
In the Roman poet Propertius, it is stated that he kept
a fleet of armed vessels at sea in the British Channel, with which he
defended his coasts against the Roman provincial naval forces of
Gaul. The passage reads thus: Seu pedibus Parthos sequimur seu
classe Britannos. Elegies, book ii, xx, 63. In English,
"Whether we pursue the Parthians by land, or the Britons with our
fleet."... The British Chronicles speak of him as a warlike man, as
well as a strict administrator of justice; and Horace speaks of unsettled
affairs between Britain and Rome, in his time: and lastly, the general
date of the Elegies of Propertius, in which the passage occurs, is
the year of Rome 730, which corresponds with the year B.C. 24, down to
which time all accounts agree that Timancius occupied the British throne;
but the particular event referred to by Propertius seems best placed in
the year B.C. 27. (Celtic Inscriptions on
Gaulish & British Coins, Poste, 1861)